What is Cosmology?

The Science of the origin and development of the universe. Modern cosmology is dominated by the Big Bang theory, which brings together observational astronomy and particle physics.

What is the Big Bang theory ?

The Big Bang is a scientific theory about how the universe started, and then made the stars and galaxies we see today. The universe began as a very hot, small, and dense superforce (the mix of the four fundamental forces), with no stars, atoms, form, or structure

Expansion of universe

The expansion of the universe is the increase of the distance between two distant parts of the universe with time. It is an intrinsic expansion whereby the scale of space itself changes. The universe does not expand “into” anything and does not require space to exist “outside” it.

What is galaxy clusters?

A galaxy cluster, or cluster of galaxies, is a structure that consists of anywhere from hundreds to thousands of galaxies that are bound together by gravity with typical masses ranging from 10¹⁴–10¹⁵ solar masses.

Have a look at some clusters

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What is galaxy?

A galaxy is a gravitationally bound system of stars, stellar remnants, interstellar gas, dust, and dark matter. The word galaxy is derived from the Greek galaxias, literally “milky”, a reference to the Milky Way.

There are many galaxies in our univerce. Some of them shown below

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Formation of stars

Clouds of gas form within galaxies. Formation of structure within the gas clouds, due to “turbulence” and activity of new stars. Random turbulent processes lead to regions dense enough to collapse under their own weight, in spite of hostile environment.


Forming Materials of a star-Read more

Red giants

A red giant is a luminous giant star of low or intermediate mass in a late phase of stellar evolution. The outer atmosphere is inflated and tenuous, making the radius large and the surface temperature around 5,000 K or lower.


A nebula is an interstellar cloud of dust, hydrogen, helium and other ionized gases. Originally, the term was used to describe any diffuse astronomical object, including galaxies beyond the Milky Way.

Have a look at some nebulae

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A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.

habitable planets:

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Black holes

A black hole is a region of spacetime exhibiting such strong gravitational effects that nothing—not even particles and electromagnetic radiation such as light—can escape from inside it. The theory of general relativity predicts that a sufficiently compact mass can deform spacetime to form a black hole.

Learn more about black holes and things that related to it such as pulsars,quasars etc

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know more about stars and its classifications

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Death of the stars

death of the stars called nova or super nova. learn about them below

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10 Biggest things in the universe

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